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03-Mar-2015
It's... not legal. (Yet.) 
THE DRONE DEBATE

Twenty years ago, if a farmer had to assess the damage to the crops from a recent hailstorm or locate a missing cow out in the pasture, she had to jump in the truck or on the ATV and make her way to the middle of the field on foot. This resulted in a lot of time and effort, which can directly affect the bottom line, especially if it happened a lot. Times... well, they are a-changin’.

Lately there have been many references in the media to the usage of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS), or more commonly known as drones. UAS can be used for a variety of purposes like construction, photography and film, mapping, real estate development, equipment troubleshooting, security and surveillance, shipping/receiving and agriculture. However, in whatever capacity UAS are used, the only legal usage at this time is for hobby or recreational purposes.


The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has been promising legislation for business usage of drones since 2008. It is a big job and the agency is taking their time to put together a comprehensive policy that will blanket a wide range of uses. In January 2015, they declared air space over two-thirds of North Dakota as a UAS test site. This site is meant to help the FAA establish rules for incorporating UAS into the current flight system in the United States.


On Sunday, February 15, the FAA released a proposed ruling on the use of drones for business purposes on UAS under 55 pounds. There are restrictions on altitude, areas and times of day that they can be used. There will be much debate on this proposal and it is expected to take until 2017 for an actual law to be enacted. The public will be able to comment on the proposed regulation for 60 days from the date of publication in the Federal Register, which can be found at regulations.gov.  


Challenges are abound in this process. There are many pressures by commerce to legalize drone usage for business purposes as many companies are sitting at the ready with the technology. Imagine having a package delivered to your office via drone. Amazon and Google are two of the big players in this debate. The proposed law restricts usage to be within line of sight and only during daylight hours, which means delivery beyond that is not an option yet.

The cellular industry is also eager for this legislation, as many of the UAS can be remotely controlled by cellphones. However, the FAA is trying to protect an already streamlined aviation system as well as the privacy and safety of the public.


There have been exceptions for some business applications of drone usage. These have been granted on a case-by-case basis. If you are considering the usage of UAS to check your crops, monitor your livestock or assess your land, you can apply for an exemption from the FAA.


Section 333 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 grants the Secretary of Transportation the authority to determine whether an airworthiness certificate is required for a UAS to operate safely in the National Airspace System (NAS).There are similar guidelines on the hobby and recreational use of drones which has been a jumping off point for the FAA.


RECREATIONAL GUIDELINES

Fly below 400 feet

Remain clear of surrounding obstacles

Keep the aircraft within visual line of sight at all times

Don't fly within 5 miles of an airport

Don't fly near people or stadiums

Aircraft must weigh less than 55 lbs


PROPOSED RESTRICTIONS FOR COMMERCIAL USE

Fly below 500 feet

Fly less than 100 MPH

Stay out of airport flight paths

Can only fly during daylight hours

Operator must take a written test

Operator must be at least 17 years of age

Aircraft must weigh less than 55 lbs

Visit FFA.gov for more information.


About the Author

Staff
Open for Business, Central Nebraska
The Open for Business Staff strives to create the most useful content possible for businesses. Whether it's tips and tools available for owners to work smarter, not harder, a feature story highlighting amazing things happening with a Central Nebraska business or a fun tip here and there, you will find something that helps your business thrive at openforbusinessmagazine.com 

    

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